An airline’s warning of a “bubble” in the market for used jetliners shows how vulnerable Boeing Co may be because of slowing sales of its widebody 777 jets, and fueled speculation that it may have to cut the plane’s production rate.
Delta Air Lines Inc CEO Richard Anderson said on Wednesday he expects prices for used twin-aisle jets to fall, and that the weakness will spread to single-aisle planes, presenting airlines with “some huge buying opportunities.”
Boeing, which is due to report its third-quarter earnings next Wednesday, needs to secure orders for about 200 more 777s, at its current rate of production, before its successor, the 777X, enters service in 2020. Orders for the current generation of 777 aircraft have fallen from 194 in 2011 to 63 in 2014 and just 34 so far this year.
But some industry consultants and aircraft appraisers see Boeing struggling to achieve those sales and expect it to cut its current 8.3-per-month production rate. That could hurt profits and cash flow as it delivers fewer planes.
“Boeing is going to have to slow down the production rate,” said Gueric Dechavanne, a vice president at appraisal firm Collateral Verifications.
Falling prices for used widebody planes, especially Boeing’s older 777-200ER, are making new sales more difficult. Prices for 777-200ERs are down about 20 percent over the last year, said Rob Morris, head of consultancy at UK-based Ascend, an aviation appraisal and consulting firm.
Ascend estimates 27 such aircraft are parked and out of service, representing about 7 percent of the global fleet. Around 40 of the aircraft will be available on the market within the next 12 months, the firm predicts.
“Availability has increased, while demand is weak,” Morris said. Some of Airbus’s A330 long-haul jets also face slower demand. That is partly because of interest in a fuel-efficient successor, known as the A330neo and due out in 2017. But Airbus believes it has adjusted for this by twice cutting planned production rates.
Airbus declined to comment.
WHY PAY RETAIL? The comments by Delta’s Anderson triggered a plunge in the shares of Boeing, Airbus and some big suppliers, such as Spirit AeroSystems Holdings, a major parts maker.
Boeing and Spirit shares recovered some of those losses on Thursday as some on Wall Street played down the talk of a bubble. While demand for widebodies is soft, “we believe the magnitude of that pressure…was grossly overstated,” Wells Fargo analyst Sam Pearlstein wrote on Thursday.
“My wife wants that three-bedroom apartment in Manhattan for $500,000 and she has as much a chance of getting it as Mr. Anderson does at getting a $10 million, 10-year-old B777,” wrote Jefferies analyst Howard Rubel, referring to a price the Delta chief cited on Wednesday. Most analysts said that they didn’t agree with Anderson’s warning that the weakness could spread to narrowbody jets, given huge demand for the smaller planes. A Delta spokesman declined to elaborate on Anderson’s comments but said the airline’s fleet strategy was “opportunistic.” Modern aircraft are built to stay in service for 25 years or more and are often traded between airlines during their lives, providing values that serve as a barometer of jet prices. Low fuel prices have encouraged some airlines to think twice about spending billions of dollars on new fuel-saving models. Cheap used planes can help airlines bridge the few years until they can get the fuel-efficient 777Xs or A330neos. Airlines have to tack on $20 million to $30 million to the sale price of a used plane to refresh the cabin and overhaul the engines, but even with those costs the used planes are significantly cheaper than a new one. A 10-year-old 777-200ER or A330-200 currently costs about $47.5 million and prices are falling, down about 12 percent and five percent from last year, respectively, according to Collateral Verifications data. Cheaper used planes probably won’t affect new plane prices much, some industry experts said. Manufacturers are keen to preserve profit margins for new planes by avoiding deep discounting. And airlines that want the most efficient plane “are still willing to pay a significant price for new,” Dechavanne said.
Boeing, which declined to comment for this article, has repeatedly said it is confident of making the transition to the new model without cutting production.